Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

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Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes

8. Income Taxes

No provision for income taxes was recorded for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively. Deferred tax assets generated from the Company’s net operating losses have been fully reserved, as the Company believes it is not more likely than not that the benefit will be realized.

In December 2015, the Protecting Americans from Tax Hikes (PATH) Act of 2015 was signed into law, which created several new research and development (“R&D”) tax credit provisions, including allowing qualified small businesses to utilize the R&D credit against the employer’s portion of payroll tax up to a maximum of $250,000 per year. The Company qualified as a small business under PATH for both 2016 and 2017. The Company has not yet filed its federal tax return for 2018 in which the Company will determine whether it qualifies as a small business under the PATH Act. During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company utilized $93,000 of R&D tax credits as a reduction of payroll expenses to offset its payroll tax liabilities. The remaining R&D tax credits available for future payroll tax liabilities have been recorded as deferred tax assets with a full valuation allowance.